There are two types of Wings: Composite Wings operate more than one kind of aircraft. (2) except as otherwise directed by the Secretary of Defense in the case of forces assigned to carry out functions of the Secretary of the Air Force specified in section 8013 of this title, shall assign to the combatant commands all such forces assigned to the Air Force Reserve Command under paragraph (1) in the manner specified by the Secretary of Defense. The USAFA corporate structure is modeled after the Headquarters Air Force decision making structure and is designed to identify, review and coordinate resource programming and other issues having broad institutional impact so that senior Academy leaders can make informed resource and policy decisions in a timely and efficient manner. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. The several wings assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing's … This page was last updated on 17/07/2015. 206 Air Force Infrastructure Wing (2008 – up today) Structure. These expeditionary air wings consist of the deployable elements of the main operating base and other supplementary forces. When conducting missions for the Air Force as the official Air Force auxiliary, the Civil Air Patrol is now included in the Air Force's definition of the total force.[4]. Wing Headquarters. Air Force leaders halted plans to perform a global wing restructure which was designed to realign fighter, bomber and rescue airlift maintenance units into flying squadrons. The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base in Idaho is experimenting with the new organizational structure beginning this month, ACC said in a May 17 release. TINKER AIR FORCE BASE, Okla. – Reservists with the 507th Maintenance Squadron repaired a KC-135 Stratotanker engine cowling in-house that sustained damage by a bird strike Sept. 21, ultimately saving the Air Force more than $1 million. This reorganization changed the base command structure from the "wing commander/base commander" scheme to a single wing commander ("one base-one boss") with multiple groups under his command. USAF wings are structured to fulfill a mission from a specific base, and contain a headquarters and four groups: an operations group, a maintenance group, a medical group and a mission support group. Learn air force wing with free interactive flashcards. In the 1990s, the Canadian Forces Air Command (the post-1968 RCAF until 2011) altered the structure of those bases under its control, declaring them to be Wings under the overall control of 1 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg. There is only one wing on an Air Force base, and the Wing Commander is quite often considered to be the "Installation Commander." These wings were temporary Table of Distribution (T/D) organizations, each having a combat group (the only Table of Organization establishment of the wings), an airdrome group, a maintenance and supply group, and a station medical group. The elements of command might change based on the type of unit, but the basic elements remain constant. ARLINGTON, Va. (AFNS) -- The Department of the Air Force is planning to stand up a new wing at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, Arizona, to provide administrative support to 1,300 Reserve personnel working there.These personnel are currently supported by three different command components at Luke AFB, Arizona, Patrick AFB, Florida, and Tucson Airport, Arizona. Squadrons are usually made up of two flights, a few hundred people, and eight to 24 aircraft. A constituted squadron, the basic unit in the Air Force, may be a mission unit or a functional unit and may vary in size according to responsibility. In these air forces a wing is inferior to a group. 188th Fighter Squadron). The several wings assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing's type squadrons. Army Air Corps/U.S. In military aviation, a wing is a unit of command. In other words, when the 14th Fighter Wing (later, 14th Flying Training Wing) came into existence, it received the 14th numerical designation from the 14th Fighter Group which had already existed for a number of years and which became the wing’s combat component. United States Air Force & Civil Air Patrol, U.S. Non-English equivalents of the British wing include the German Gruppe, Italian Gruppo, and French groupe. Such a wing is referred to as a Combat Wing Organization, which is comparable to a brigade in the US Army. The World War II German Luftwaffe Geschwader and Gruppe were similar to the wing and group of the United States Army Air Forces of the same era. Air forces of NATO member countries which use the term 'wing' to denote their main formations include the Spanish Air Force (Ala), the Hellenic Air Force (πτέρυγα [pteryga]), Royal Norwegian Air Force (luftving, Norwegian for air wing), Royal Danish Air Force (which adopted the English term wing directly, although the Danish word is vinge), the Belgian Air Component (also adopted the English term wing directly), the Polish Air Force (skrzydło) and the Slovak Air Force (krídlo). The internal structures of most wings are made up of spars and stringers running spanwise and ribs and formers or bulkheads running chordwise (leading edge to trailing edge). How the Air Force is structured. Several wings are combined into a Naval Air Force. [3] It performs three congressionally-assigned key missions: emergency services, which includes search and rescue (by air and ground) and disaster relief operations; aerospace education for youth and the general public; and cadet programs for teenage youth. In 1991, most active SOAs changed in status to DRUs or FOAs. (Escadre is also the official Canadian French translation of wing in the Canadian Forces.) Wing commander (Wg Cdr in the RAF, the IAF, and the PAF, WGCDR in the RNZAF and RAAF, formerly sometimes W/C in all services) is a senior commissioned rank in the British Royal Air Force and air forces of many countries which have historical British influence, including many Commonwealth countries but not including Canada (since Unification) and South Africa. As of 30 September 2006 USAF had 120 wings, including 57 flying (manned aircraft) wings. The structure of the United States Air Force refers to the unit designators and organizational hierarchy of the United States Air Force, which starts at the most senior commands. Structures section chief, Master Sgt. The program is established as an organization by Title 10 of the United States Code and its purposes defined by Title 36. The Air Force structure is a bit of a mix of the Army and Marine Corps structures. There were both named and numbered divisions, mostly air divisions. They support all distributed loads, as well as concentrated weights such as the fuselage, landing gear, and engines. Naval Aviation (U.S. Navy and Marine Corps), Learn how and when to remove this template message, the term "wing" had been used in the cavalry, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Wing_(military_unit)&oldid=995405340, Articles needing additional references from July 2010, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 December 2020, at 21:28. The spars are the principle structural members of a wing. The Air Wing's Commanding Officer is Lieutenant Colonel James Thomas Grech. The senior headquarters of the Department of the Air Force, Headquarters Air Force (HAF) consists of two staffs in the Pentagon: the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force and the Air Staff. Originally all wings were usually commanded by a wing commander (equivalent to a lieutenant colonel). 78 Wing No. Other wings, such as Air Expeditionary Wings, exist for various other purposes, and their scope may extend to one base, one theater or worldwide. According to Air Force Instruction 38-101 (1994): In the Civil Air Patrol, there are 52 wings (each of the 50 states plus Washington, D.C. and Puerto Rico). NAFs are structured to perform an operational or warfighting mission, often oriented to a specific geographic region. Organisational structure has been initiated by ACC commander general Mike Holmes and changes at the 366th Fighter Wing are expected to begin … In addition to the aforementioned unit structures, the USAF has used, and still uses, a variety of other designations to identify organizations. Air Force Headquarters. 10 USC § 10174 states: (a) Establishment of Command.— The Secretary of the Air Force, with the advice and assistance of the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, shall establish an Air Force Reserve Command. World War II wings, for example, were very large administrative and operational organizations that usually controlled several combat groups and numerous service organizations, often located at widely scattered locations. MAJCOM headquarters are management headquarters for a major segment of the AF and thus have the full range of functional staff. For instance, CFB Trenton in Ontario was redesignated 8 Wing Trenton. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. USAF Wing Force Structure The newest addition to the Air Force Historical Research Agencyʹs homepage, the USAF Wing Force Structure database measures the number and functions of wings and wing equivalents from 1939 through 1999. At the same time, the other component establishments, and units of these establishments, also received the 14th numerical designations, aligning each of them directly to the 14th Wing. These organization designations include: This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/. The size of a wing (base) follows US usage (see below); it varies greatly and may comprise personnel numbering in the thousands. Unlike their USAF counterparts, all USN and USMC air wings are tenant activities ashore and have no command responsibility for the installation at which they are normally based when not afloat or forward deployed. Given the rivalry that existed between the army and navy, new terminology was used, in order to avoid marking the corps out as having an army or navy ethos. A wing may also be used for non-flying units, such as the infantry forces of the RAF Regiment, (in which a wing equates to a battalion). U.S. Air Force Airmen assigned to the 386th Expeditionary Civil Engineer Squadron lower an AN/MQP-64 Sentinel radar onto an elevated structure at Ali Al Salem Air Base, Kuwait, Nov. 23, 2020. The United States Navy follows the British structure in that a wing is an administrative formation commanding two or more squadrons of aircraft that are based on land. The term "direct reporting unit" comes from the fact that the unit reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force or to a designated representative on the Air staff.[1]. Number digits apply; 1 -100, 301 – 999 series for Air Force and Air Force Reserve squadrons (i.e. With the consent of state governors, members or units of the Air National Guard may be appointed, temporarily or indefinitely, to be federally recognized members of the armed forces, in the active or inactive service of the United States. The I-Wing concept evolved from an extensive review and analysis of Congress’ National Commission on the Structure of the Air Force report, originally delivered in 2014. Separate operating agencies (SOA) were major Air Force subdivisions directly subordinate to HQ USAF and has all the "procedural (administrative and logistical) responsibilities" of a MAJCOM. Modern wings, as we know them, began their existence with a service test of combat wings in 1947-1948. "The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. These are headed by the United States Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force. Wing Staff Structure. The term "Dire… The Royal Air Force's (RAF) command structure remains complex and takes some explaining. The Unit’s structure corresponds to a typical Hellenic Air Force (HAF) Wing setup. For those who don't take change well, rest assured the current guidance for Air Force wing structure, Air Force Instruction 38-101, Air Force Organization, still maintains the same structure of flights, squadrons and groups used within the 11th Wing. These air bases are brigade-equivalents commanded by Brigadier generals unlike the air wings of other NATO members, which are regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels. The French Escadre and the German Geschwader originate from the naval term Squadron. A similar formation in the Swedish Air Force is the Flygflottilj, which translates in English as Air Wing (literal meaning is Air Flotilla or Flight Flotilla). The experimental structure, initiated by Gen. Mike Holmes, Air Combat Command commander, directs the 366th Fighter Wing to create an organization that will test possible ways to improve … Among the NATO member countries the Turkish Air Force (Ana Üssü, Turkish for main base) and the Bulgarian Air Force (авиобаза [aviobaza], Bulgarian for air base or aviation base) use the term air base for their main formations. A FOA performs field activities beyond the scope of any of the major commands. The elevated structure will increase the unit’s detection range for unmanned aerial systems, expediting a response for short-range air defense weapons. Air Force 'Air Officers' (Flag Rank (Navy), General Rank (Army) are Air Commodore (1*), Air Vice Marshal (2*), Air Marshal (3*) and Air Chief Marshal (4*). As of 30 September 2006, USAF had 17 independent groups, nine of them flying establishments. A Squadron is considered to be the basic unit in the USAF. [citation needed]. Most USAF wings are commanded by a Colonel, but some are commanded by Brigadier Generals. The experimental structure, initiated by Gen. Mike Holmes, Air Combat Command commander, directs the 366th Fighter Wing to create an organization that will test possible ways to improve … Structural Components. 76 Squadron The 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home AFB, Idaho, this month will start testing a new organizational structure, removing commanders, cutting a group, and realigning maintenance units to make the wing more deployable. The term "direct reporting unit" comes from the fact that the unit reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force or to a designated representative on the Air staff. Some wings, for example Delaware Wing, have only one group due to the small geographical and manpower size of the wing. It is a DRU because the unit's specific and focused duties, legal issues that necessitate the unit's independence, or other factors such as national security concerns. Each wing supervises the individual groups and squadrons in that state, district or commonwealth, which are the basic operational units of the organization. A major subdivision of the Air Force, the major command (MAJCOM) is directly subordinate to HQ USAF or the Air Staff. Army Air Forces wings that existed before 1947 are not comparable with the wings of the USAF. Naval Air Forces are commanded by either a Rear Admiral (Upper Half) or a Vice Admiral and wings are commanded by Captains, with the title of Commodore. ..... 84 Figure 26.2. In other languages, equivalent air force units equivalent to a US wing include: Geschwader in the German Luftwaffe; Aviatsionniy Polk (Aviation Regiment) in Russia; Stormo in Italy; and escadre or régiment in the French Air Force. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a major command. A DRU has a specialized and restricted mission, meaning that it is a single purpose unit, usually to the exclusion of other duties, reporting to Air Force Air Staff alone. Several such examples are the Republic of Korea Air Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, the Royal Thai Air Force, the Philippine Air Force, the Peruvian Air Force, the Venezuelan Air Force, the Ecuadorian Air Force and the Brazilian Air Force. Letter designations can be used, such as alpha flight, bravo flight, charlie flight, delta flight, echo flight, foxtrot flight, et cetera. In Commonwealth countries a wing usually comprises three squadrons, with several wings forming a group (around 10 squadrons). By 1914, the naval wing had become the Royal Naval Air Service, and gained its independence from the Royal Flying Corps. This month, the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, began testing a new wing structure that does away with aircraft maintenance squadron, group and vice wing … WildBlueYonder 23,181 views. A Direct Reporting Unit (DRU) is an agency of the United States Department of the Air Force that is outside the bounds of the standard organizational hierarchy by being exclusively and uniquely under the control of Air Force headquarters alone, rather than reporting through a Major Command. Carrier air wings are commanded by either a Navy Captain or a USMC Colonel with the title of "CAG" (Commander, Air Group), a legacy title from the former carrier air groups. It is separate and independent from any organization structure or supervision: major command, numbered air force, operational command, division, wing, group, squadron, or field operating agency. Being equivalent to a division in size, its commander is usually a Major General. Air Force public servants of equivalent air officer rank are; (1*) - SES Band-1/Assistant Secretary, (2*) - SES Band-2/First Assistant Secretary, Deputy Secretary (DEPSEC - 3*), and Secretary (SEC - 4*) Additionally countries influenced by the US in the building of their modern air forces also use the term wing. In 1948, at the end of the service test, HQ USAF replaced these T/D wings with permanent Table of Organization and Equipment (constituted) combat wings having a combat group, an air base group, maintenance and supply group, and a medical group. The typical flight commander is a captain with the flight NCOIC or "flight chief" typically being a master sergeant. Air Command. "The U.S. Army Air Service/U.S. ..... 90 Figure 26.7. Civil Air Patrol ("CAP") is a Congressionally chartered, federally supported, non-profit corporation that serves as the official auxiliary of the USAF. Air divisions have existed since World War II when many of the Numbered Air Divisions began as wings. On its establishment in 1912, the British Royal Flying Corps (RFC) was intended to be an inter-service, combined force of the British Army and Royal Navy. In 1915, the Royal Flying Corps had significantly expanded and it was felt necessary to create organizational units which would control two or more squadrons; the term "wing" was re-used for these new organizational units. an army wing) and a "Naval Wing". Additionally, maintenance operations were integrated into the fighter squadrons … In addition, CAP has recently been tasked with homeland security and courier service missions. The United States Navy follows the British structure in that a wing is an administrative formation commanding two or more squadrons of aircraft that are based on land. Many of the World War II wings were redesignated as air divisions after the war. 9:29. Recently HQ USAF gradually inactivated or redesignated divisions in an effort to encourage rapid decision-making and to create a more flat organizational structure without "middle management" units, and as such air divisions are rarely used. A carrier air wing (CVW, formerly known as a carrier air group) consists of several squadrons and is an operational formation that is based on an aircraft carrier. Sixteenth Air Force units include: 9th Reconnaissance Wing, Beale Air Force Base, Calif. 55th Wing, Offutt Air Force Base, Neb. In most military aviation services, a wing is a relatively large formation of planes. Many mission support functions on these installations, such as personnel support and medical/dental facilities, are also independent of both the air wing and air station command structures and are independent tenant commands with their own commanding officers or officers-in-charge. Each wing consisted of a number of squadrons (the term "squadron" already being used by both the Army and the Navy). While the original pre-unification Royal Canadian Air Force followed the British pattern, the modern Royal Canadian Air Force is an example of a Commonwealth air force which does not follow British usage. Two deputy commander positions were created to advise and assist the wing commander in guiding and evaluating squadron operations. ..... 86 Figure 26.5. Chief of Staff of the United States Air Force, United States Department of the Air Force, Air Force Operational Test and Evaluation Center, List of United States Air Force Field Operating Agencies, List of Major Commands of the United States Air Force, List of Wings of the United States Air Force, List of United States Air Force squadrons, "Air Force Historical Research Agency: Direct Reporting Units", "Civil Air Patrol joins total force 'Airmen, https://web.archive.org/web/20090517081401/http://www.af.mil/news/airman/notice.shtml, House Subcommittee on Tactical Air and Land Forces, House Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, Senate Armed Services Subcommittee on Strategic Forces, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Structure_of_the_United_States_Air_Force&oldid=990990381, Military units and formations of the United States Air Force, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2011, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the Air Force Historical Research Agency, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 November 2020, at 17:52. In all, there are 36 Air Training Corps wings in six regions within the United Kingdom, each of which is commanded by a RAFVR(T) wing commander. A NAF is directly assigned operational units, such as wings, groups, and squadrons. In 2006, expeditionary air wings were established at the RAF's main operating bases. The Royal Netherlands Air Force (vliegbasis, Dutch for aviation base or air base), the Portuguese Air Force (base aérea), the Czech Air Force (základna letectva, Czech for air base or aviation base) and the Croatian Air Force (zrakoplovna baza, Croatian for aviation base) use the term air base for regiment-equivalents commanded by Colonels in a direct parallel to the wings of other member states. A wing is comprised of four principle structural components that work together to support and distribute the aerodynamic forces produced during flight. The Royal Flying Corps was amalgamated with the Royal Naval Air Service in 1918, creating the Royal Air Force. MOUNTAIN HOME AIR FORCE BASE, Idaho (AFNS) -- Air Combat Command officials announced the 366th Fighter Wing at Mountain Home Air Force Base, Idaho, will test a new wing organizational structure. The RFC usage of wing was maintained in the new service.[1]. The Air Force has three basic types of wings: operational, air base, and specialized mission. (b) Commander.— The Chief of Air Force Reserve is the Commander of the Air Force Reserve Command. ..... 88 Figure 26.6. The Air National Guard, often referred to as the Air Guard, is the air force militia organized by each of the fifty U.S. states, the commonwealth of Puerto Rico, the territories of Guam and the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the District of Columbia of the United States. In United States Air Force usage, a military organization above a squadron level (group, wing, air division, numbered air force, air component command, Major Command (MAJCOM)) is an establishment, while that of a squadron and lower (squadron, flight, detachment) is a unit.[2]. Without squadrons, flights would have no guidance. As well as continuing their functions as the commanding officers of the bases they were assigned to, they also serve as formation commanders to all squadrons and units duly assigned to them by 1 CDN AIR DIV HQ and AIRCOM HQ (regardless if they are physically located on the base in question or elsewhere; as witness 12 Wing in Nova Scotia, which has one unit, 443 Maritime Helicopter Squadron, based at Patricia Bay near CFB Esquimalt in British Columbia, on the other side of the country from Shearwater). "In many cases, the numerical designation of the wing came from the combat group that preceded it and became an integral part of the post-World War II wing. 67th Cyberspace Wing, Joint Base San Antonio-Lackland, Texas 70th ISR Wing, Fort George G. Meade, Md. The Air Force has a very limited number of direct reporting units:[2]. The commander of the Air Force Reserve Command reports directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force. In the United States Marine Corps, a Marine Aircraft Wing (MAW) is an overall command, equivalent to a Marine Division, consisting of at least two Marine Aircraft Groups, a Marine Air Control Group (MACG), a Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron (MWHS), and a Marine Wing Headquarters (the Wing Commander and his staff). As part of the restructure, the wing removed group commanders and vice commander positions from the wing structure so squadron commanders could report directly to the wing commander. 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Recognized, an element is generally understood to be the smallest unit in image! Organization designations include: this article incorporates public domain material from the term... With free interactive flashcards for example Delaware wing, and gained its independence the... '' had been used in the new service. [ 1 ] of combat wings commanded... Which are regiment-equivalents commanded by a colonel, but some are commanded by Brigadier Generals unlike the Air structure! As well as some others, a wing usually comprises three squadrons, with several wings forming a group generally! People, and French groupe expeditionary Air wings were usually commanded by Generals! Gear, and the German Geschwader originate from the Naval wing '' Air service in 1918, the... Activities beyond the scope of any of the deployable elements of the deployable elements of.... Cvw are also assigned to each Fleet Naval Air Force control the wing 's Commanding Officer lieutenant. 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