There are various expressions of moral law (God's eternal law, natural law, law revealed in the Old Testament, the law of the Gospel, Church law, and civil law). It is at once firm in its precepts and, in its promises, worthy of love. 14 Cf. It violates the integrity of human nature by divorcing the two naturally united aspects of the essence of the sexual act — the unitive and the procreative — that is, personal intimacy and reproduction. It hinges upon the desire for God and submission to him, who is the source and judge of all that is good, as well as upon the sense that the other is one's equal. It is a necessary foundation for the erection of moral rules and civil law. The Catechism of the Catholic Church is a book, promulgated in 1992 by Pope St. John Paul II, which seeks to explain the doctrine (that is, the body of teachings) that the Catholic Church holds. . Its principal precepts are expressed in the Decalogue. 1964 The Old Law is a preparation for the Gospel. For instance, capital punishment may be morally necessary in a primitive society but needlessly barbaric in a society with secure laws and prisons; and the moral restrictions on warfare today, with its weapons of mass destruction, must be far stricter than those in the past. Its moral prescriptions are summed up in the Ten Commandments. Therefore, the Roman Catholic Church keeps its members "under the Law." . There were . 18 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh I-II,107,1 ad 2; cf. Mt 5:44,48. A Law Engraved on Man's Heart (1954) The rules that express it remain substantially valid. Jn 15:12; 13:34. He is the end of the law, for only he teaches and bestows the justice of God: "For Christ is the end of the law, that every one who has faith may be justified."4. CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH SECOND EDITION. "For Christ is the end of the law, that everyone who has faith may be justified" (Rom 10:4). The moral law presupposes the rational order, established among creatures for their good and to serve their final end, by the power, wisdom, and goodness of the Creator. Because man's essence does not change, but his circumstances and situations do, "application of the natural law varies greatly" (CCC #1957). 1952 There are different expressions of the moral law, all of them interrelated: eternal law - the source, in God, of all law; natural law; revealed law, comprising the Old Law and the New Law, or Law of the Gospel; finally, civil and ecclesiastical laws. Others pre… The Law of Moses expresses many truths naturally accessible to reason. 21 Cf. Therefore, man needs God's revelation to know these truths "firmly and with no mixture of error" (Pius XII). St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II,184,3. All law finds its first and ultimate truth in the eternal law. These are stated and authenticated within the covenant of salvation. ("Authority" means "right," not "might."). It is the work of Christ and is expressed particularly in the Sermon on the Mount. PART THREE LIFE IN CHRIST. 29 Rom 12:9-13. 57,1:PL 36,673. . 1961 God, our Creator and Redeemer, chose Israel for himself to be his people and revealed his Law to them, thus preparing for the coming of Christ. III. 2066 The division and numbering of the Commandments have varied in the course of history. 11 St. Augustine, Conf. 3 Cf. For there is a true law: right reason. Without a natural law basis for civil law, civil law becomes based on power, whether collective or individual. Catholicism and Natural Moral Law Catholicism and Natural Moral Law A pillar of the Catholic set of laws is its understanding of natural moral law, which addresses laws that aren’t written but nevertheless known by all men and women who have the use of reason. 19 Heb 8:8, 10; cf. . Catechism of the Catholic Church, Second Edition. Speaking of pagans, St. Paul says that "they show that what the law requires is written on their hearts, while their conscience also bears witness" (Rom 2:15). In any case, even though the Old Law prescribed charity, it did not give the Holy Spirit, through whom "God's charity has been poured into our hearts.". 28 Cf. Alone among all animate beings, man can boast of having been counted worthy to receive a law from God: as an animal endowed with reason, capable of understanding and discernment, he is to govern his conduct by using his freedom and reason, in obedience to the One who has entrusted everything to him. 1965 The New Law or the Law of the Gospel is the perfection here on earth of the divine law, natural and revealed. Its moral prescriptions are summed up in the Ten Commandments. It is also the work of the Holy Spirit and through him it becomes the interior law of charity: "I will establish a New Covenant with the house of Israel. 22 Cf. 6 GS 89 § 1. 1981 The Law of Moses contains many truths naturally accessible to reason. 1960 The precepts of natural law are not perceived by everyone clearly and immediately. Kreeft, Peter. 1968 The Law of the Gospel fulfills the commandments of the Law. 4,15,1:PG 7/1,1012. . An excellent tool for learning more about the Faith and for research. 1955 The "divine and natural" law shows man the way to follow so as to practice the good and attain his end. "The Church's holiness is fostered in a special way by the manifold counsels which the Lord proposes to his disciples in the Gospel" (LG 42 § 2). 1954 Man participates in the wisdom and goodness of the Creator who gives him mastery over his acts and the ability to govern himself with a view to the true and the good. 1962 The Old Law is the first stage of revealed Law. . SECTION ONEMAN'S VOCATION LIFE IN THE SPIRIT, CHAPTER THREEGOD'S SALVATION: LAW AND GRACE. CATECHISM OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH SECOND EDITION. . According to St. Paul, its special function is to denounce and disclose sin, which constitutes a "law of concupiscence" in the human heart.16 However, the Law remains the first stage on the way to the kingdom. 30. It also provides the indispensable moral foundation for building the human community. No culture in history has thought that love, kindness, justice, honesty, courage, wisdom, or self-control was evil — or that hate, cruelty, injustice, dishonesty, cowardice, folly, or uncontrolled addiction was good. The Lord's Sermon on the Mount, far from abolishing or devaluing the moral prescriptions of the Old Law, releases their hidden potential and has new demands arise from them: it reveals their entire divine and human truth. God wrote on the tables of the Law what men did not read in their hearts. Rejoice in your hope, be patient in tribulation, be constant in prayer. The Gospel thus brings the Law to its fullness through imitation of the perfection of the heavenly Father, through forgiveness of enemies and prayer for persecutors, in emulation of the divine generosity.23, 1969 The New Law practices the acts of religion: almsgiving, prayer and fasting, directing them to the "Father who sees in secret," in contrast with the desire to "be seen by men. 9 Cicero, Rep. III,22,33. The term "natural law" is sometimes misunderstood. 8 St. Thomas Aquinas, Dec. præc. He is the author of many books (over forty and counting) including: Ask Peter Kreeft: The 100 Most Interesting Questions He's Ever Been Asked, Ancient Philosophers, Medieval Philosophers, Modern Philosophers, Contemporary Philosophers, Forty Reasons I Am a Catholic, Doors in the Walls of the World: Signs of Transcendence in the Human Story, Forty Reasons I Am a Catholic, You Can Understand the Bible, Fundamentals of the Faith, The Journey: A Spiritual Roadmap for Modern Pilgrims, Prayer: The Great Conversation: Straight Answers to Tough Questions About Prayer,  Love Is Stronger Than Death, Philosophy 101 by Socrates: An Introduction to Philosophy Via Plato's Apology, A Pocket Guide to the Meaning of Life, Prayer for Beginners, and Before I Go: Letters to Our Children About What Really Matters. Search or browse the Catechism of the Catholic Church. . From the Catechism of the Catholic Church, Simplified « prev: next » Already Written on Man's Heart (2070-2071) Although revealed by God, these commandments show the essential duties and fundamental rights inherent in human nature. Law is declared and established by reason as a participation in the providence of the living God, Creator and Redeemer of all. “To live, grow, and persevere in the faith until the end we must nourish it with the word of God; we must beg the Lord to increase our faith;45 it must be “working through charity,” abounding in hope, and rooted in the faith of the Church.46 (2089, 1037, 2016, 2573, 2849)” ― John Paul II, quote from Catechism of the Catholic Church "It provides the necessary basis for the civil law" (CCC #1959), for civil law forbids many acts, such as rape and torture and slavery, because they are morally wrong and harmful to human nature's health and flourishing. Law: Catechism of the Catholic Church is based on power, whether collective or.! 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